Causes of Leaky Kidney Disease

Causes of Leaky Kidney Disease

Leaked kidneys are the term lay people to describe the situation of the kidneys that publish too little protein in the urine. In the medical world this term is better known as proteinuria. To find out more about leaking kidneys, see the following information.

Proteinuria or albuminuria is a situation where too much urine contains too much protein. Leaking of protein into the urine is often caused by damage to the small blood vessels (glomeruli) in the kidneys, to the extent that it cannot filter blood properly.

Although dangerous, but there is a tolerance limit for the existence of protein in urine. The average normal limit of protein released through urine ranges from 5-10 mg per day. Meanwhile, the existence of protein in urine with the amount of 30-300 mg each day or exceeding 300 mg each day can indicate a disturbance in your kidney.
What are the Causes of Leaked Kidneys?

Certain diseases and situations can result in leaky kidneys, including:

    Diabetic nephropathy

    Diabetic nephropathy can be among the causes of leaky kidneys. When we suffer from diabetes, the glomeruli in the kidney will feel thickened. As a result, glomeruli that play a role in filtering out the balance of metabolic substances and issuing fluids from the body will experience a decrease in function. The following thing that creates albumin protein also gets carried into the urine. In the early stages, this disease may not indicate symptoms. Signs and phenomena of new diseases will be experienced when kidney destruction has worsened. Symptoms that can occur are headache, fatigue, decreased appetite, and swelling in the legs.

    Kidney infection

    Kidney infection or pyelonephritis can occur because of a bacterial exodus from lower urinary drainage to the kidneys. Bacteria which very often result in urinary drainage infections, namely E. coli, are the main cause of kidney infection. Symptoms of kidney infection include shivering fever, pain during urination, and the appearance of pain near the abdomen, back, or waist.

    If not treated immediately, kidney infection can lead to serious complications in the form of scarring in the glomeruli. If this happens, the kidneys will lose their function, and cause the protein to be carried into the urine or the kidneys leak.

    Lupus nephritis

    Lupus nephritis is inflammation of the kidneys which results from the influence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease. Lupus itself is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system that is supposed to protect the body from disease, instead turns to attack the cells and organs of the body itself. This condition can cause the kidneys to feel inflammation, to the extent that they disrupt the kidneys as a filter for waste from the body. As a result, blood and protein are not filtered properly. The following results in the presence of blood and protein in the urine. Symptoms of lupus nephritis are usually not very different from other kidney disorders, like the presence of blood and protein in the urine, feeling swelling in the legs, eyes and stomach, and foaming and dark urine.


    Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that is characterized by the presence of high blood pressure (hypertension), and high levels of protein in the urine (proteinuria). Pregnant women who suffer from preeclampsia can experience a phenomenon in the form of upper abdominal pain, severe headaches, escalation of blood pressure (exceeding 140/90 mmHg), protein in the urine, and vision becoming blurred. However, preeclampsia can sometimes occur without any phenomena.

    Nephrotic syndrome

    Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that creates the body losing too little protein through urine. Although nephrotic syndromes are rare, the situation that results in leaky kidneys can be experienced by anyone, both adults and children. Nephrotic syndrome has a damaged effect on the glomeruli in the kidneys caused by inflammation, blockage of blood vessels, infections, to certain diseases, such as diabetes, lupus, and cancer. Symptoms of nephropatic syndrome are protein in the urine, swelling in all the body, easy infection, weakness, and foaming urine.

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